Critique of Alma Chapter 45
Helaman believes the words of Alma—Alma prophesies the destruction of
the Nephites—He blesses and curses the land—Alma may have been taken up
by the Spirit, even as Moses—Dissension grows in the Church. About 73
Verse 1: Behold, now it came to
pass that the people of Nephi were exceedingly rejoiced, because the
Lord had again delivered them out of the hands of their enemies;
therefore they gave thanks unto the Lord their God; yea, and they did
fast much and pray much, and they did worship God with exceedingly
Note: Sidney Rigdon did not know that Indians were pagan polytheists.
Whereas, within the three authentic codices, the group of male deities
is highly differentiated, the female functions seem largely to have
been concentrated in the young goddess I (the 'White Woman') and the
old goddess O (the 'Red Woman'). Missing from the codices, but attested
by Classic iconography are, amongst others, an important ocean deity
characterized by a shark tooth held in the mouth (the 'God I' of the
Palenque Triad), and some of the Maya jaguar gods associated with
warfare. Wikipedia Encyclopedia.
Note: The BOM author use of “exceedingly rejoiced” is poor grammar.
Verses 2-10: And it came to
pass in the nineteenth year of the reign of the judges over the people
of Nephi, that Alma came unto his son Helaman and said unto him:
Believest thou the words which I spake unto thee concerning those
records which have been kept? And Helaman said unto him: Yea, I
believe. And Alma said again: Believest thou in Jesus Christ, who shall
come? And he said: Yea, I believe all the words which thou hast spoken.
And Alma said unto him again: Will ye keep my commandments? And he
said: Yea, I will keep thy commandments with all my heart. Then Alma
said unto him: Blessed art thou; and the Lord shall prosper thee in
this land. But behold, I have somewhat to prophesy unto thee; but what
I prophesy unto thee ye shall not make known; yea, what I prophesy unto
thee shall not be made known, even until the prophecy is fulfilled;
therefore write the words which I shall say. And these are the words:
Behold, I perceive that this very people, the Nephites, according to
the spirit of revelation which is in me, in four hundred years from the
time that Jesus Christ shall manifest himself unto them, shall dwindle
Note: The BOM author mixes the New Testament into an Old Testament setting.
Webster's Dictionary: Christ from the Middle English Crist, from the Greek Christos.
Verse 11: Yea, and then shall
they see wars and pestilences, yea, famines and bloodshed, even until
the people of Nephi shall become extinct—
Note: Sidney Rigdon plagiarized the Holy Bible.
And you will hear of wars and rumors of wars. See that you are not
troubled; for all these things must come to pass, but the end is not
yet. For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom.
And there will be famines, pestilences, and earthquakes in various
places. Matthew 24:6-7.
Verses 12-14: Yea, and this
because they shall dwindle in unbelief and fall into the works of
darkness, and lasciviousness, and all manner of iniquities; yea, I say
unto you, that because they shall sin against so great light and
knowledge, yea, I say unto you, that from that day, even the fourth
generation shall not all pass away before this great iniquity shall
come. And when that great day cometh, behold, the time very soon cometh
that those who are now, or the seed of those who are now numbered among
the people of Nephi, shall no more be numbered among the people of
Nephi. But whosoever remaineth, and is not destroyed in that great and
dreadful day, shall be numbered among the Lamanites, and shall become
like unto them, all, save it be a few who shall be called the disciples
of the Lord; and them shall the Lamanites pursue even until they shall
become extinct. And now, because of iniquity, this prophecy shall be
Note: The true church of Jesus Christ will exist in all generations.
Now to Him who is able to do exceedingly abundantly above all that we
ask or think, according to the power that works in us, to Him be glory
in the church by Christ Jesus to all generations, forever and ever.
Amen. Ephesians 3:20-21.
Verses 15-17: And now it came
to pass that after Alma had said these things to Helaman, he blessed
him, and also his other sons; and he also blessed the earth for the
righteous’ sake. And he said: Thus saith the Lord God—Cursed shall be
the land, yea, this land, unto every nation, kindred, tongue, and
people, unto destruction, which do wickedly, when they are fully ripe;
and as I have said so shall it be; for this is the cursing and the
blessing of God upon the land, for the Lord cannot look upon sin with
the least degree of allowance. And now, when Alma had said these words
he blessed the church, yea, all those who should stand fast in the
faith from that time henceforth.
Note: God will not completely curse the earth while it remains.
Then the Lord said in His heart, “I will never again curse the ground
for man’s sake, although the imagination of man’s heart is evil from
his youth; nor will I again destroy every living thing as I have done.
While the earth remains, seedtime and harvest, cold and heat, winter
and summer, and day and night shall not cease.” Genesis 8:21-22.
Verses 18-19: And when Alma had
done this he departed out of the land of Zarahemla, as if to go into
the land of Melek. And it came to pass that he was never heard of more;
as to his death or burial we know not of. Behold, this we know, that he
was a righteous man; and the saying went abroad in the church that he
was taken up by the Spirit, or buried by the hand of the Lord, even as
Moses. But behold, the scriptures saith the Lord took Moses unto
himself; and we suppose that he has also received Alma in the spirit,
unto himself; therefore, for this cause we know nothing concerning his
death and burial.
Note: The word “church” is from the New Testament era.
Webster’s Dictionary: Middle
English chirche, from Old English cirice, ultimately from Late Greek
kyriakon, from Greek, neuter of kyriakos of the lord.
Verses 20-21: And now it came
to pass in the commencement of the nineteenth year of the reign of the
judges over the people of Nephi, that Helaman went forth among the
people to declare the word unto them. For behold, because of their wars
with the Lamanites and the many little dissensions and disturbances
which had been among the people, it became expedient that the word of
God should be declared among them, yea, and that a regulation should be
made throughout the church.
Note: The reign of the judges ended with the prophet Samuel.
“After that He gave them judges for about four hundred and fifty years,
until Samuel the prophet. And afterward they asked for a king; so God
gave them Saul the son of Kish, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, for
forty years.” Acts 13:20-21.
Verses 22-24: Therefore,
Helaman and his brethren went forth to establish the church again in
all the land, yea, in every city throughout all the land which was
possessed by the people of Nephi. And it came to pass that they did
appoint priests and teachers throughout all the land, over all the
churches. And now it came to pass that after Helaman and his brethren
had appointed priests and teachers over the churches that there arose a
dissension among them, and they would not give heed to the words of
Helaman and his brethren; But they grew proud, being lifted up in their
hearts, because of their exceedingly great riches; therefore they grew
rich in their own eyes, and would not give heed to their words, to walk
uprightly before God.
Note: Priests is not a God ordained official position in the church.
And God has appointed these in the church: first apostles, second
prophets, third teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings,
helps, administrations, varieties of tongues. 1 Corinthians 12:28.
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