The Book of Ether Chapter 9 Critique
Setting: The kingdom passes
from one to another by descent, intrigue, and murder—Emer saw the Son
of Righteousness—Many prophets cry repentance—A famine and poisonous
serpents plague the people.
Verses 1-3: And now I, Moroni,
proceed with my record. Therefore, behold, it came to pass that because
of the secret combinations of Akish and his friends, behold, they did
overthrow the kingdom of Omer. Nevertheless, the Lord was merciful unto
Omer, and also to his sons and to his daughters who did not seek his
destruction. And the Lord warned Omer in a dream that he should depart
out of the land; wherefore Omer departed out of the land with his
family, and traveled many days, and came over and passed by the hill of
Shim, and came over by the place where the Nephites were destroyed, and
from thence eastward, and came to a place which was called Ablom, by
the seashore, and there he pitched his tent, and also his sons and his
daughters, and all his household, save it were Jared and his family.
Note: Sidney Rigdon plagiarized the Holy Bible.
Now when they had departed, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to
Joseph in a dream, saying, “Arise, take the young Child and His mother,
flee to Egypt, and stay there until I bring you word; for Herod will
seek the young Child to destroy Him.” Matthew 2:13.
Verses 4-6: And it came to pass
that Jared was anointed king over the people, by the hand of
wickedness; and he gave unto Akish his daughter to wife. And it came to
pass that Akish sought the life of his father-in-law; and he applied
unto those whom he had sworn by the oath of the ancients, and they
obtained the head of his father-in-law, as he sat upon his throne,
giving audience to his people. For so great had been the spreading of
this wicked and secret society that it had corrupted the hearts of all
the people; therefore Jared was murdered upon his throne, and Akish
reigned in his stead.
Note: The oath bound secret society Mormons caused problems everywhere.
The Mormon War is a name sometimes given to the 1838 conflict which
occurred between Latter Day Saints (Mormons) and their neighbors in the
northwestern region of the US state of Missouri. This conflict is also
sometimes referred to as the Missouri Mormon War to differentiate it
from the Utah Mormon War (also known as the "Utah War") and the lesser
known Illinois Mormon War. Wikipedia Encyclopedia.
Verses 7-13: And it came to
pass that Akish began to be jealous of his son, therefore he shut him
up in prison, and kept him upon little or no food until he had suffered
death. And now the brother of him that suffered death, (and his name
was Nimrah) was angry with his father because of that which his father
had done unto his brother. And it came to pass that Nimrah gathered
together a small number of men, and fled out of the land, and came over
and dwelt with Omer. And it came to pass that Akish begat other sons,
and they won the hearts of the people, notwithstanding they had sworn
unto him to do all manner of iniquity according to that which he
desired. Now the people of Akish were desirous for gain, even as Akish
was desirous for power; wherefore, the sons of Akish did offer them
money, by which means they drew away the more part of the people after
them. And there began to be a war between the sons of Akish and Akish,
which lasted for the space of many years, yea, unto the destruction of
nearly all the people of the kingdom, yea, even all, save it were
thirty souls, and they who fled with the house of Omer. Wherefore, Omer
was restored again to the land of his inheritance.
Note: Civilizations are not built through destruction.
The population of the Olmecs flourished during Mesoamerica's formative
period, dating roughly from as early as 1500 BCE to about 400 BCE.
Verses 14-17: And it came to
pass that Omer began to be old; nevertheless, in his old age he begat
Emer; and he anointed Emer to be king to reign in his stead. And after
that he had anointed Emer to be king he saw peace in the land for the
space of two years, and he died, having seen exceedingly many days,
which were full of sorrow. And it came to pass that Emer did reign in
his stead, and did fill the steps of his father. And the Lord began
again to take the curse from off the land, and the house of Emer did
prosper exceedingly under the reign of Emer; and in the space of sixty
and two years they had become exceedingly strong, insomuch that they
became exceedingly rich— Having all manner of fruit, and of grain, and
of silks, and of fine linen, and of gold, and of silver, and of
Note: Silk did not exist in Pre-Columbian America.
The silk trade reached as far as the Indian subcontinent, the Middle
East, Europe, and North Africa. This trade was so extensive that the
major set of trade routes between Europe and Asia came to be known as
the Silk Road. The Emperors of China strove to keep knowledge of
sericulture secret to maintain the Chinese monopoly. Wikipedia
Verses 18-19: And also all
manner of cattle, of oxen, and cows, and of sheep, and of swine, and of
goats, and also many other kinds of animals which were useful for the
food of man. And they also had horses, and asses, and there were
elephants and cureloms and cumoms; all of which were useful unto man,
and more especially the elephants and cureloms and cumoms.
Note: None of the above animals existed in Pre-Columbian America.
Here we will discuss seven animals domesticated in the New World before
European discovery. The dog, "llama", guinea pig, turkey, Muscovy duck,
stingless bee, and the cochineal insect comprise the list of known Pre-
Columbian, New World animal domesticates. Johnson & Swartz – Ball
Verses 20-22: And thus the Lord
did pour out his blessings upon this land, which was choice above all
other lands; and he commanded that whoso should possess the land should
possess it unto the Lord, or they should be destroyed when they were
ripened in iniquity; for upon such, saith the Lord: I will pour out the
fulness of my wrath. And Emer did execute judgment in righteousness all
his days, and he begat many sons and daughters; and he begat Coriantum,
and he anointed Coriantum to reign in his stead. And after he had
anointed Coriantum to reign in his stead he lived four years, and he
saw peace in the land; yea, and he even saw the Son of Righteousness,
and did rejoice and glory in his day; and he died in peace.
Note: Jesus Christ was unknown in pagan Pre-Columbian America.
The earliest representations of feathered serpents appear in the Olmec
culture (circa 1400-400 BCE). Most surviving representations in Olmec
art, such as Monument 19 at La Venta and a painting in the Juxtlahuaca
cave (see below), show it as a crested rattlesnake, sometimes with
feathers covering the body, and often in close proximity to humans. It
is believed that Olmec supernatural entities such as the feathered
serpent were the forerunners of many later Mesoamerican deities,
although experts disagree on the feathered serpent's importance to the
Olmec. Wikipedia Encyclopedia.
Verses 23-27: And it came to
pass that Coriantum did walk in the steps of his father, and did build
many mighty cities, and did administer that which was good unto his
people in all his days. And it came to pass that he had no children
even until he was exceedingly old. And it came to pass that his wife
died, being an hundred and two years old. And it came to pass that
Coriantum took to wife, in his old age, a young maid, and begat sons
and daughters; wherefore he lived until he was an hundred and forty and
two years old. And it came to pass that he begat Com, and Com reigned
in his stead; and he reigned forty and nine years, and he begat Heth;
and he also begat other sons and daughters. And the people had spread
again over all the face of the land, and there began again to be an
exceedingly great wickedness upon the face of the land, and Heth began
to embrace the secret plans again of old, to destroy his father. And it
came to pass that he did dethrone his father, for he slew him with his
own sword; and he did reign in his stead.
Note: Pre-Columbian natives never used swords.
Cutting weapons were used by the Native Americans for combat as well as
hunting. They preferred shorter blades, and did not use long cutting
weapons, like the swords that the Europeans used at the time. Wikipedia
Verses 28-29: And there came
prophets in the land again, crying repentance unto them—that they must
prepare the way of the Lord or there should come a curse upon the face
of the land; yea, even there should be a great famine, in which they
should be destroyed if they did not repent. But the people believed not
the words of the prophets, but they cast them out; and some of them
they cast into pits and left them to perish. And it came to pass that
they did all these things according to the commandment of the king,
Note: Pre-Columbian prophecies were based upon calendars.
These two 260- and 365-day calendars could also be synchronised to
generate the Calendar Round, a period of 18980 days or approximately 52
years. The completion and observance of this Calendar Round sequence
was of ritual significance to a number of Mesoamerican cultures.
Verses 30-31: And it came to
pass that there began to be a great dearth upon the land, and the
inhabitants began to be destroyed exceedingly fast because of the
dearth, for there was no rain upon the face of the earth. And there
came forth poisonous serpents also upon the face of the land, and did
poison many people. And it came to pass that their flocks began to flee
before the poisonous serpents, towards the land southward, which was
called by the Nephites Zarahemla.
Note: The depopulation of the Olmec civilization was due to the environment not snakes.
Between 400 and 350 BCE, the population in the eastern half of the
Olmec heartland dropped precipitously, and the area was sparsely
inhabited until the 19th century. According to archaeologists, this
depopulation was probably the result of "very serious environmental
changes that rendered the region unsuited for large groups of farmers",
in particular changes to the riverine environment that the Olmec
depended upon for agriculture, hunting and gathering, and
transportation. Wikipedia Encyclopedia.
Verses 32-35: And it came to
pass that there were many of them which did perish by the way;
nevertheless, there were some which fled into the land southward. And
it came to pass that the Lord did cause the serpents that they should
pursue them no more, but that they should hedge up the way that the
people could not pass, that whoso should attempt to pass might fall by
the poisonous serpents. And it came to pass that the people did follow
the course of the beasts, and did devour the carcasses of them which
fell by the way, until they had devoured them all. Now when the people
saw that they must perish they began to repent of their iniquities and
cry unto the Lord. And it came to pass that when they had humbled
themselves sufficiently before the Lord he did send rain upon the face
of the earth; and the people began to revive again, and there began to
be fruit in the north countries, and in all the countries round about.
And the Lord did show forth his power unto them in preserving them from
Note: Pre-Columbian natives were pagan polytheists.
The Feathered Serpent was a prominent supernatural entity or deity,
found in many Mesoamerican religions. It was called Quetzalcoatl among
the Aztecs, Kukulkan among the Yucatec Maya, and Q'uq'umatz and Tohil
among the K'iche' Maya. The double symbolism used in its name is
considered allegoric to the dual nature of the deity, where being
feathered represents its divine nature or ability to fly to reach the
skies and being a serpent represents its human nature or ability to
creep on the ground among other animals of the Earth, a dualism very
common in Mesoamerican deities. Wikipedia Encyclopedia.
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