THE WHITE HOUSE
Office of the Press Secretary
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE June 4, 2009
REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT
ON A NEW BEGINNING
1:10 P.M. (Local)
PRESIDENT OBAMA: Thank you very much. Good afternoon. I am honored to be in the timeless city of Cairo (1),
and to be hosted by two remarkable institutions. For over a
thousand years, Al-Azhar has stood as a beacon of Islamic learning; and
for over a century, Cairo University has been a source of Egypt's
advancement. (2) And together, you represent the
harmony between tradition and progress. I'm grateful for your
hospitality, and the hospitality of the people of Egypt. And I'm
also proud to carry with me the goodwill of the American people, and a
greeting of peace from Muslim communities in my country:
Assalaamu alaykum. (3) (Applause.)
We meet at a time of great tension between the United States and
Muslims around the world -- tension rooted in historical forces that go
beyond any current policy debate. (4) The relationship between Islam and the West includes centuries of coexistence and cooperation, (5) but also conflict and religious wars. (6)
More recently, tension has been fed by colonialism that denied rights
and opportunities to many Muslims, and a Cold War in which
Muslim-majority countries were too often treated as proxies without
regard to their own aspirations. (7) Moreover, the
sweeping change brought by modernity and globalization led many Muslims
to view the West as hostile to the traditions of Islam. (8)
Violent extremists have exploited these tensions in a small but potent
minority of Muslims. The attacks of September 11, 2001 and the
continued efforts of these extremists to engage in violence against
civilians has led some in my country to view Islam as inevitably
hostile not only to America and Western countries, but also to human
rights. All this has bred more fear and more mistrust. (9)
So long as our relationship is defined by our differences, we will
empower those who sow hatred rather than peace, those who promote
conflict rather than the cooperation that can help all of our people
achieve justice and prosperity. And this cycle of suspicion and
discord must end. (10)
I've come here to Cairo to seek a new beginning between the United
States and Muslims around the world, one based on mutual interest and
mutual respect, and one based upon the truth that America and Islam are
not exclusive and need not be in competition. Instead, they
overlap, and share common principles -- principles of justice and
progress; tolerance and the dignity of all human beings. (11)
I do so recognizing that change cannot happen overnight. I know
there's been a lot of publicity about this speech, but no single speech
can eradicate years of mistrust, nor can I answer in the time that I
have this afternoon all the complex questions that brought us to this
point. But I am convinced that in order to move forward, we must
say openly to each other the things we hold in our hearts and that too
often are said only behind closed doors. There must be a
sustained effort to listen to each other; to learn from each other; to
respect one another; and to seek common ground. As the Holy Koran
tells us, "Be conscious of God and speak always the truth."
(Applause.) That is what I will try to do today -- to speak the
truth as best I can, humbled by the task before us, and firm in my
belief that the interests we share as human beings are far more
powerful than the forces that drive us apart. (12)
Now part of this conviction is rooted in my own experience. I'm a
Christian, but my father came from a Kenyan family that includes
generations of Muslims. As a boy, I spent several years in
Indonesia and heard the call of the azaan at the break of dawn and at
the fall of dusk. As a young man, I worked in Chicago communities
where many found dignity and peace in their Muslim faith. (13)
As a student of history, I also know civilization's debt to Islam. (14)
It was Islam -- at places like Al-Azhar -- that carried the light of
learning through so many centuries, paving the way for Europe's
Renaissance and Enlightenment. (15) It was innovation
in Muslim communities -- (applause) -- it was innovation in Muslim
communities that developed the order of algebra (16); our magnetic compass and tools of navigation (17); our mastery of pens and printing (18); our understanding of how disease spreads and how it can be healed (19). Islamic culture has given us majestic arches and soaring spires (20); timeless poetry and cherished music (21); elegant calligraphy and places of peaceful contemplation (22). And throughout history, Islam has demonstrated through words and deeds the possibilities of religious tolerance (23) and racial equality (24). (Applause.)
I also know that Islam has always been a part of America's story (25).
The first nation to recognize my country was Morocco. In signing
the Treaty of Tripoli in 1796, our second President, John Adams, wrote,
"The United States has in itself no character of enmity against the
laws, religion or tranquility of Muslims." (26) And
since our founding, American Muslims have enriched the United
States. They have fought in our wars, they have served in our
government, they have stood for civil rights, they have started
businesses, they have taught at our universities, they've excelled in
our sports arenas, they've won Nobel Prizes, built our tallest
building, and lit the Olympic Torch. And when the first Muslim
American was recently elected to Congress, he took the oath to defend
our Constitution using the same Holy Koran that one of our Founding
Fathers -- Thomas Jefferson -- kept in his personal library. (27) (Applause.)
So I have known Islam on three continents before coming to the region
where it was first revealed. That experience guides my conviction
that partnership between America and Islam must be based on what Islam
is, not what it isn't. And I consider it part of my
responsibility as President of the United States to fight against
negative stereotypes of Islam wherever they appear. (28) (Applause.)
But that same principle must apply to Muslim perceptions of
America. (Applause.) Just as Muslims do not fit a crude
stereotype, America is not the crude stereotype of a self-interested
empire. (29) The United States has been one of the
greatest sources of progress that the world has ever known. We
were born out of revolution against an empire. We were founded
upon the ideal that all are created equal, and we have shed blood and
struggled for centuries to give meaning to those words -- within our
borders, and around the world. We are shaped by every culture,
drawn from every end of the Earth, and dedicated to a simple
concept: E pluribus unum -- "Out of many, one." (30)
Now, much has been made of the fact that an African American with the name Barack Hussein Obama could be elected President. (31)
(Applause.) But my personal story is not so unique. The
dream of opportunity for all people has not come true for everyone in
America, but its promise exists for all who come to our shores -- and
that includes nearly 7 million American Muslims in our country today
who, by the way, enjoy incomes and educational levels that are higher
than the American average. (32) (Applause.)
Moreover, freedom in America is indivisible from the freedom to
practice one's religion. That is why there is a mosque in every
state in our union, and over 1,200 mosques within our borders.
That's why the United States government has gone to court to protect
the right of women and girls to wear the hijab and to punish those who
would deny it. (33) (Applause.)
So let there be no doubt: Islam is a part of America. And I
believe that America holds within her the truth that regardless of
race, religion, or station in life, all of us share common aspirations
-- to live in peace and security; to get an education and to work with
dignity; to love our families, our communities, and our God.
These things we share. This is the hope of all humanity. (34)
Of course, recognizing our common humanity is only the beginning of our
task. Words alone cannot meet the needs of our people.
These needs will be met only if we act boldly in the years ahead; and
if we understand that the challenges we face are shared, and our
failure to meet them will hurt us all. (35)
For we have learned from recent experience that when a financial system weakens in one country, prosperity is hurt everywhere. (36)
When a new flu infects one human being, all are at risk. When one
nation pursues a nuclear weapon, the risk of nuclear attack rises for
all nations. When violent extremists operate in one stretch of
mountains, people are endangered across an ocean. When innocents
in Bosnia and Darfur are slaughtered, that is a stain on our collective
conscience. (Applause.) That is what it means to share this
world in the 21st century. That is the responsibility we have to
one another as human beings. (37)
And this is a difficult responsibility to embrace. For human
history has often been a record of nations and tribes -- and, yes,
religions -- subjugating one another in pursuit of their own
interests. Yet in this new age, such attitudes are
self-defeating. Given our interdependence, any world order that
elevates one nation or group of people over another will inevitably
fail. So whatever we think of the past, we must not be prisoners
to it. Our problems must be dealt with through partnership; our
progress must be shared. (38) (Applause.)
Now, that does not mean we should ignore sources of tension. Indeed, it
suggests the opposite: We must face these tensions
squarely. And so in that spirit, let me speak as clearly and as
plainly as I can about some specific issues that I believe we must
finally confront together. (39)
The first issue that we have to confront is violent extremism in all of its forms.
In Ankara, I made clear that America is not -- and never will be -- at
war with Islam. (Applause.) We will, however, relentlessly
confront violent extremists who pose a grave threat to our security --
because we reject the same thing that people of all faiths
reject: the killing of innocent men, women, and children.
And it is my first duty as President to protect the American people. (40)
The situation in Afghanistan demonstrates America's goals, and our need
to work together. Over seven years ago, the United States pursued
al Qaeda and the Taliban with broad international support. We did
not go by choice; we went because of necessity. I'm aware that there's
still some who would question or even justify the events of 9/11.
But let us be clear: Al Qaeda killed nearly 3,000 people on that
day. The victims were innocent men, women and children from
America and many other nations who had done nothing to harm
anybody. And yet al Qaeda chose to ruthlessly murder these
people, claimed credit for the attack, and even now states their
determination to kill on a massive scale. They have affiliates in
many countries and are trying to expand their reach. These are
not opinions to be debated; these are facts to be dealt with. (41) (No applause.)
Now, make no mistake: We do not want to keep our troops in
Afghanistan. We see no military -- we seek no military bases
there. It is agonizing for America to lose our young men and
women. It is costly and politically difficult to continue this
conflict. We would gladly bring every single one of our troops
home if we could be confident that there were not violent extremists in
Afghanistan and now Pakistan determined to kill as many Americans as
they possibly can. But that is not yet the case. (42)
And that's why we're partnering with a coalition of 46 countries.
And despite the costs involved, America's commitment will not
weaken. Indeed, none of us should tolerate these
extremists. They have killed in many countries. They have
killed people of different faiths -- but more than any other, they have
killed Muslims. Their actions are irreconcilable with the rights
of human beings, the progress of nations, and with Islam. The
Holy Koran teaches that whoever kills an innocent is as -- it is as if
he has killed all mankind. (Applause.) And the Holy Koran
also says whoever saves a person, it is as if he has saved all
mankind. (Applause.) The enduring faith of over a billion
people is so much bigger than the narrow hatred of a few. Islam is not
part of the problem in combating violent extremism -- it is an
important part of promoting peace. (43)
Now, we also know that military power alone is not going to solve the
problems in Afghanistan and Pakistan. That's why we plan to
invest $1.5 billion each year over the next five years to partner with
Pakistanis to build schools and hospitals, roads and businesses, and
hundreds of millions to help those who've been displaced. That's
why we are providing more than $2.8 billion to help Afghans develop
their economy and deliver services that people depend on. (44)
Let me also address the issue of Iraq. Unlike Afghanistan, Iraq
was a war of choice that provoked strong differences in my country and
around the world. Although I believe that the Iraqi people are
ultimately better off without the tyranny of Saddam Hussein, I also
believe that events in Iraq have reminded America of the need to use
diplomacy and build international consensus to resolve our problems
whenever possible. (Applause.) Indeed, we can recall the
words of Thomas Jefferson, who said: "I hope that our wisdom will
grow with our power, and teach us that the less we use our power the
greater it will be." (45)
Today, America has a dual responsibility: to help Iraq forge a
better future -- and to leave Iraq to Iraqis. And I have made it
clear to the Iraqi people -- (applause) -- I have made it clear to the
Iraqi people that we pursue no bases, and no claim on their territory
or resources. Iraq's sovereignty is its own. And that's why I
ordered the removal of our combat brigades by next August. That
is why we will honor our agreement with Iraq's democratically elected
government to remove combat troops from Iraqi cities by July, and to
remove all of our troops from Iraq by 2012. (Applause.) We
will help Iraq train its security forces and develop its economy.
But we will support a secure and united Iraq as a partner, and never as
a patron. (46)
And finally, just as America can never tolerate violence by extremists,
we must never alter or forget our principles. Nine-eleven was an
enormous trauma to our country. The fear and anger that it
provoked was understandable, but in some cases, it led us to act
contrary to our traditions and our ideals. We are taking concrete
actions to change course. I have unequivocally prohibited the use
of torture by the United States, and I have ordered the prison at
Guantanamo Bay closed by early next year. (47) (Applause.)
So America will defend itself, respectful of the sovereignty of nations
and the rule of law. And we will do so in partnership with Muslim
communities which are also threatened. The sooner the extremists
are isolated and unwelcome in Muslim communities, the sooner we will
all be safer. (48)
The second major source of tension that we need to discuss is the situation between Israelis, Palestinians and the Arab world. (49)
America's strong bonds with Israel are well known. This bond is
unbreakable. It is based upon cultural and historical ties, and
the recognition that the aspiration for a Jewish homeland is rooted in
a tragic history that cannot be denied. (No applause.)
Around the world, the Jewish people were persecuted for centuries, and
anti-Semitism in Europe culminated in an unprecedented Holocaust.
Tomorrow, I will visit Buchenwald, which was part of a network of camps
where Jews were enslaved, tortured, shot and gassed to death by the
Third Reich. Six million Jews were killed -- more than the entire
Jewish population of Israel today. Denying that fact is baseless,
it is ignorant, and it is hateful. Threatening Israel with
destruction -- or repeating vile stereotypes about Jews -- is deeply
wrong, and only serves to evoke in the minds of Israelis this most
painful of memories while preventing the peace that the people of this
region deserve. (50) (No applause.)
On the other hand, it is also undeniable that the Palestinian people --
Muslims and Christians -- have suffered in pursuit of a homeland.
For more than 60 years they've endured the pain of dislocation.
Many wait in refugee camps in the West Bank, Gaza, and neighboring
lands for a life of peace and security that they have never been able
to lead. They endure the daily humiliations -- large and small --
that come with occupation. So let there be no doubt: The
situation for the Palestinian people is intolerable. And America
will not turn our backs on the legitimate Palestinian aspiration for
dignity, opportunity, and a state of their own. (51) (Applause.)
For decades then, there has been a stalemate: two peoples with
legitimate aspirations, each with a painful history that makes
compromise elusive. It's easy to point fingers -- for
Palestinians to point to the displacement brought about by Israel's
founding, and for Israelis to point to the constant hostility and
attacks throughout its history from within its borders as well as
beyond. But if we see this conflict only from one side or the
other, then we will be blind to the truth: The only resolution is
for the aspirations of both sides to be met through two states, where
Israelis and Palestinians each live in peace and security. (52) (Applause.)
That is in Israel's interest, Palestine's interest, America's interest,
and the world's interest. And that is why I intend to personally
pursue this outcome with all the patience and dedication that the task
requires. (Applause.) The obligations -- the obligations
that the parties have agreed to under the road map are clear. For
peace to come, it is time for them -- and all of us -- to live up to
our responsibilities. (53)
Palestinians must abandon violence. Resistance through violence
and killing is wrong and it does not succeed. For centuries,
black people in America suffered the lash of the whip as slaves and the
humiliation of segregation. But it was not violence that won full
and equal rights. It was a peaceful and determined insistence
upon the ideals at the center of America's founding. This same
story can be told by people from South Africa to South Asia; from
Eastern Europe to Indonesia. It's a story with a simple
truth: that violence is a dead end. It is a sign neither of
courage nor power to shoot rockets at sleeping children, or to blow up
old women on a bus. That's not how moral authority is claimed;
that's how it is surrendered. (54) (No applause.)
Now is the time for Palestinians to focus on what they can build.
The Palestinian Authority must develop its capacity to govern, with
institutions that serve the needs of its people. Hamas does have
support among some Palestinians, but they also have to recognize they
have responsibilities. To play a role in fulfilling Palestinian
aspirations, to unify the Palestinian people, Hamas must put an end to
violence, recognize past agreements, recognize Israel's right to exist.
(55) (No applause.)
At the same time, Israelis must acknowledge that just as Israel's right
to exist cannot be denied, neither can Palestine's. The United
States does not accept the legitimacy of continued Israeli
settlements. (Applause.) This construction violates
previous agreements and undermines efforts to achieve peace. It
is time for these settlements to stop. (56) (Applause.)
And Israel must also live up to its obligation to ensure that
Palestinians can live and work and develop their society. Just as
it devastates Palestinian families, the continuing humanitarian crisis
in Gaza does not serve Israel's security; neither does the continuing
lack of opportunity in the West Bank. Progress in the daily lives of
the Palestinian people must be a critical part of a road to peace, and
Israel must take concrete steps to enable such progress. (57)
And finally, the Arab states must recognize that the Arab Peace
Initiative was an important beginning, but not the end of their
responsibilities. The Arab-Israeli conflict should no longer be
used to distract the people of Arab nations from other problems.
Instead, it must be a cause for action to help the Palestinian people
develop the institutions that will sustain their state, to recognize
Israel's legitimacy, and to choose progress over a self-defeating focus
on the past. (58)
America will align our policies with those who pursue peace, and we
will say in public what we say in private to Israelis and Palestinians
and Arabs. (Applause.) We cannot impose peace. But
privately, many Muslims recognize that Israel will not go away.
Likewise, many Israelis recognize the need for a Palestinian
state. It is time for us to act on what everyone knows to be
Too many tears have been shed. Too much blood has been
shed. All of us have a responsibility to work for the day when
the mothers of Israelis and Palestinians can see their children grow up
without fear; when the Holy Land of the three great faiths is the place
of peace that God intended it to be; when Jerusalem is a secure and
lasting home for Jews and Christians and Muslims, and a place for all
of the children of Abraham to mingle peacefully together as in the
story of Isra -- (applause) -- as in the story of Isra, when Moses,
Jesus, and Mohammed, peace be upon them, joined in prayer. (60) (Applause.)
The third source of tension is our shared interest in the rights and responsibilities of nations on nuclear weapons.
This issue has been a source of tension between the United States and
the Islamic Republic of Iran. For many years, Iran has defined
itself in part by its opposition to my country, and there is in fact a
tumultuous history between us. In the middle of the Cold War, the
United States played a role in the overthrow of a democratically
elected Iranian government. Since the Islamic Revolution, Iran
has played a role in acts of hostage-taking and violence against U.S.
troops and civilians. This history is well known. Rather
than remain trapped in the past, I've made it clear to Iran's leaders
and people that my country is prepared to move forward. The
question now is not what Iran is against, but rather what future it
wants to build. (61) (No applause.)
I recognize it will be hard to overcome decades of mistrust, but we
will proceed with courage, rectitude, and resolve. There will be
many issues to discuss between our two countries, and we are willing to
move forward without preconditions on the basis of mutual
respect. But it is clear to all concerned that when it comes to
nuclear weapons, we have reached a decisive point. This is not
simply about America's interests. It's about preventing a nuclear
arms race in the Middle East that could lead this region and the world
down a hugely dangerous path. (62) (No applause.)
I understand those who protest that some countries have weapons that
others do not. No single nation should pick and choose which
nation holds nuclear weapons. And that's why I strongly
reaffirmed America's commitment to seek a world in which no nations
hold nuclear weapons. (Applause.) And any nation --
including Iran -- should have the right to access peaceful nuclear
power if it complies with its responsibilities under the nuclear
Non-Proliferation Treaty. That commitment is at the core of the
treaty, and it must be kept for all who fully abide by it. And I'm
hopeful that all countries in the region can share in this goal. (63)
The fourth issue that I will address is democracy. (Applause.)
I know -- I know there has been controversy about the promotion of
democracy in recent years, and much of this controversy is connected to
the war in Iraq. So let me be clear: No system of government can
or should be imposed by one nation by any other. (64)
That does not lessen my commitment, however, to governments that
reflect the will of the people. Each nation gives life to this
principle in its own way, grounded in the traditions of its own
people. America does not presume to know what is best for
everyone, just as we would not presume to pick the outcome of a
peaceful election. But I do have an unyielding belief that all
people yearn for certain things: the ability to speak your mind
and have a say in how you are governed; confidence in the rule of law
and the equal administration of justice; government that is transparent
and doesn't steal from the people; the freedom to live as you
choose. These are not just American ideas; they are human
rights. And that is why we will support them everywhere. (65) (Applause.)
Now, there is no straight line to realize this promise. But this
much is clear: Governments that protect these rights are
ultimately more stable, successful and secure. Suppressing ideas
never succeeds in making them go away. America respects the right
of all peaceful and law-abiding voices to be heard around the world,
even if we disagree with them. And we will welcome all elected,
peaceful governments -- provided they govern with respect for all their
This last point is important because there are some who advocate for
democracy only when they're out of power; once in power, they are
ruthless in suppressing the rights of others. (Applause.)
So no matter where it takes hold, government of the people and by the
people sets a single standard for all who would hold power: You
must maintain your power through consent, not coercion; you must
respect the rights of minorities, and participate with a spirit of
tolerance and compromise; you must place the interests of your people
and the legitimate workings of the political process above your
party. Without these ingredients, elections alone do not make
true democracy. (67)
AUDIENCE MEMBER: Barack Obama, we love you!
PRESIDENT OBAMA: Thank you. (Applause.) The fifth issue that we must address together is religious freedom.
Islam has a proud tradition of tolerance. We see it in the
history of Andalusia and Cordoba during the Inquisition. I saw it
firsthand as a child in Indonesia, where devout Christians worshiped
freely in an overwhelmingly Muslim country. That is the spirit we
need today. People in every country should be free to choose and
live their faith based upon the persuasion of the mind and the heart
and the soul. This tolerance is essential for religion to thrive,
but it's being challenged in many different ways. (68)
Among some Muslims, there's a disturbing tendency to measure one's own
faith by the rejection of somebody else's faith. The richness of
religious diversity must be upheld -- whether it is for Maronites in
Lebanon or the Copts in Egypt. (Applause.) And if we are
being honest, fault lines must be closed among Muslims, as well, as the
divisions between Sunni and Shia have led to tragic violence,
particularly in Iraq. (69)
Freedom of religion is central to the ability of peoples to live
together. We must always examine the ways in which we protect
it. For instance, in the United States, rules on charitable
giving have made it harder for Muslims to fulfill their religious
obligation. That's why I'm committed to working with American Muslims
to ensure that they can fulfill zakat. (70)
Likewise, it is important for Western countries to avoid impeding
Muslim citizens from practicing religion as they see fit -- for
instance, by dictating what clothes a Muslim woman should wear.
We can't disguise hostility towards any religion behind the pretence of
In fact, faith should bring us together. And that's why we're
forging service projects in America to bring together Christians,
Muslims, and Jews. That's why we welcome efforts like Saudi
Arabian King Abdullah's interfaith dialogue and Turkey's leadership in
the Alliance of Civilizations. Around the world, we can turn
dialogue into interfaith service, so bridges between peoples lead to
action -- whether it is combating malaria in Africa, or providing
relief after a natural disaster. (72)
The sixth issue -- the sixth issue that I want to address is women's
rights. (Applause.) I know –- I know -- and you can tell
from this audience, that there is a healthy debate about this
issue. I reject the view of some in the West that a woman who
chooses to cover her hair is somehow less equal, but I do believe that
a woman who is denied an education is denied equality.
(Applause.) And it is no coincidence that countries where women
are well educated are far more likely to be prosperous. (73)
Now, let me be clear: Issues of women's equality are by no means
simply an issue for Islam. In Turkey, Pakistan, Bangladesh,
Indonesia, we've seen Muslim-majority countries elect a woman to
lead. Meanwhile, the struggle for women's equality continues in
many aspects of American life, and in countries around the world. (74) (No applause.)
I am convinced that our daughters can contribute just as much to
society as our sons. (Applause.) Our common prosperity will
be advanced by allowing all humanity -- men and women -- to reach their
full potential. I do not believe that women must make the same
choices as men in order to be equal, and I respect those women who
choose to live their lives in traditional roles. But it should be their
choice. And that is why the United States will partner with any
Muslim-majority country to support expanded literacy for girls, and to
help young women pursue employment through micro-financing that helps
people live their dreams. (75) (Applause.)
Finally, I want to discuss economic development and opportunity.
I know that for many, the face of globalization is contradictory.
The Internet and television can bring knowledge and information, but
also offensive sexuality and mindless violence into the home.
Trade can bring new wealth and opportunities, but also huge disruptions
and change in communities. In all nations -- including America --
this change can bring fear. Fear that because of modernity we
lose control over our economic choices, our politics, and most
importantly our identities -- those things we most cherish about our
communities, our families, our traditions, and our faith. (76)
But I also know that human progress cannot be denied. There need
not be contradictions between development and tradition. Countries like
Japan and South Korea grew their economies enormously while maintaining
distinct cultures. The same is true for the astonishing progress
within Muslim-majority countries from Kuala Lumpur to Dubai. In
ancient times and in our times, Muslim communities have been at the
forefront of innovation and education. (77)
And this is important because no development strategy can be based only
upon what comes out of the ground, nor can it be sustained while young
people are out of work. Many Gulf states have enjoyed great
wealth as a consequence of oil, and some are beginning to focus it on
broader development. But all of us must recognize that education
and innovation will be the currency of the 21st century -- (applause)
-- and in too many Muslim communities, there remains underinvestment in
these areas. I'm emphasizing such investment within my own
country. And while America in the past has focused on oil and gas
when it comes to this part of the world, we now seek a broader
On education, we will expand exchange programs, and increase
scholarships, like the one that brought my father to America.
(Applause.) At the same time, we will encourage more Americans to
study in Muslim communities. And we will match promising Muslim
students with internships in America; invest in online learning for
teachers and children around the world; and create a new online
network, so a young person in Kansas can communicate instantly with a
young person in Cairo. (79)
On economic development, we will create a new corps of business
volunteers to partner with counterparts in Muslim-majority
countries. And I will host a Summit on Entrepreneurship this year
to identify how we can deepen ties between business leaders,
foundations and social entrepreneurs in the United States and Muslim
communities around the world. (80)
On science and technology, we will launch a new fund to support
technological development in Muslim-majority countries, and to help
transfer ideas to the marketplace so they can create more jobs.
We'll open centers of scientific excellence in Africa, the Middle East
and Southeast Asia, and appoint new science envoys to collaborate on
programs that develop new sources of energy, create green jobs,
digitize records, clean water, grow new crops. Today I'm
announcing a new global effort with the Organization of the Islamic
Conference to eradicate polio. And we will also expand
partnerships with Muslim communities to promote child and maternal
All these things must be done in partnership. Americans are ready
to join with citizens and governments; community organizations,
religious leaders, and businesses in Muslim communities around the
world to help our people pursue a better life. (82)
The issues that I have described will not be easy to address. But
we have a responsibility to join together on behalf of the world that
we seek -- a world where extremists no longer threaten our people, and
American troops have come home; a world where Israelis and Palestinians
are each secure in a state of their own, and nuclear energy is used for
peaceful purposes; a world where governments serve their citizens, and
the rights of all God's children are respected. Those are mutual
interests. That is the world we seek. But we can only
achieve it together. (83)
I know there are many -- Muslim and non-Muslim -- who question whether
we can forge this new beginning. Some are eager to stoke the
flames of division, and to stand in the way of progress. Some
suggest that it isn't worth the effort -- that we are fated to
disagree, and civilizations are doomed to clash. Many more are simply
skeptical that real change can occur. There's so much fear, so
much mistrust that has built up over the years. But if we choose
to be bound by the past, we will never move forward. And I want
to particularly say this to young people of every faith, in every
country -- you, more than anyone, have the ability to reimagine the
world, to remake this world. (84)
All of us share this world for but a brief moment in time. The question
is whether we spend that time focused on what pushes us apart, or
whether we commit ourselves to an effort -- a sustained effort -- to
find common ground, to focus on the future we seek for our children,
and to respect the dignity of all human beings. (85)
It's easier to start wars than to end them. It's easier to blame
others than to look inward. It's easier to see what is different
about someone than to find the things we share. But we should
choose the right path, not just the easy path. There's one rule
that lies at the heart of every religion -- that we do unto others as
we would have them do unto us. (Applause.) This truth
transcends nations and peoples -- a belief that isn't new; that isn't
black or white or brown; that isn't Christian or Muslim or Jew.
It's a belief that pulsed in the cradle of civilization, and that still
beats in the hearts of billions around the world. It's a faith in
other people, and it's what brought me here today. (86)
We have the power to make the world we seek, but only if we have the
courage to make a new beginning, keeping in mind what has been written.
The Holy Koran tells us: "O mankind! We have created you
male and a female; and we have made you into nations and tribes so that
you may know one another." (87)
The Talmud tells us: "The whole of the Torah is for the purpose of promoting peace."
The Holy Bible tells us: "Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God." (88) (Applause.)
The people of the world can live together in peace. We know that
is God's vision. Now that must be our work here on Earth. (89)
Thank you. And may God's peace be upon you. Thank you very much. Thank you. (90) (Applause.)
2:05 P.M. (Local)
Critique Notes of 2009 Barack Obama Speech in Egypt
(References are from the March 2012 Wikipedia Encyclopedia unless otherwise noted.)
1) Cairo is not a timeless city.
Cairo (/ˈkaɪroʊ/ kye-roh; Arabic: القاهرة al-Qāhira, literally "The
Vanquisher" or "The Conqueror"), is the capital of Egypt and the
largest city in the Arab world and Africa, and the 16th largest
metropolitan area in the world. It is located near the Nile delta and
was founded in the year 969 A.D. making it over 1,000 years old.
2) Europe has been the source of modern Cairo advancement.
Drawing inspiration from Paris, Isma'il environs a city of maidans and
wide avenues; due to financial constraints, only some of them, in the
area now composing Downtown Cairo, came to fruition. Isma'il also
sought to modernize the city, which was merging with neighboring
settlements, by establishing a public works ministry, bringing gas and
lighting to the city, and opening a theater and opera house. The city's
economic centre quickly moved west toward the Nile, away from the
historic Islamic Cairo section and toward the contemporary,
European-style areas built by Isma'il. Europeans accounted for five
percent of Cairo's population at the end of the 19th century, by which
point they held most top governmental positions.
3) Cairo, Egypt, and Muslims in general do not practice hospitality.
CAIRO (AP 2/5/2012) – Egyptian officials say 43 NGO workers, including
19 Americans, have been referred to trial before a criminal court for
allegedly being involved in banned activity and illegally receiving
foreign funds. As a religious minority, the Copts are often subject to
discrimination in modern Egypt, and are the target of attacks by
militant Islamic extremist groups.
4) Muslims have attacked without provocation throughout their history.
The beginnings of Jihad are traced back to the words and actions of
Muhammad and the Quran. This encourages the use of Jihad against
5) Cooperation and co-existence occurred with Western domination.
The British occupation was intended to be temporary, but it lasted well
into the 20th century. Nationalists staged large-scale demonstrations
in Cairo in 1919, five years after Egypt had been declared a British
protectorate. Nevertheless, while this led to Egypt's independence
in 1922, British troops remained in the country until 1956. During this
time, urban Cairo, spurred by new bridges and transport links,
continued to in expand to include the upscale neighborhoods of Garden
City, Zamalek, and Heliopolis. Between 1882 and 1937, the population of
Cairo more than tripled – from 347,000 to 1.3 million – and its area
increased from 10 square kilometres (4 sq mi) to 163 square kilometres
(63 sq mi).
6) Muslim expansion into western civilization came through conquest.
In the 8th century, nearly all of the Iberian Peninsula was conquered
(711–718) by largely Moorish Muslim armies from North Africa. These
conquests were part of the expansion of the Umayyad Islamic Empire.
Only a small area in the mountainous north-west of the peninsula
managed to resist the initial invasion.
7) Tensions with the west came with Muslim independence and dictatorships.
On 18 June 1953, the Egyptian Republic was declared, with General
Muhammad Naguib as the first President of the Republic. Naguib was
forced to resign in 1954 by Gamal Abdel Nasser – the real architect of
the 1952 movement – and was later put under house arrest. Nasser
assumed power as President in June, 1956. British forces completed
their withdrawal from the occupied Suez Canal Zone on 13 June 1956. He
nationalized the Suez Canal on 26 July 1956, prompting the 1956 Suez
8) Muslim traditions are rooted in the 6th century versus western liberty.
Muslim states using classical sharia: Saudi Arabia and some of the Gulf
states do not have constitutions or legislatures. Their rulers have
limited authority to change laws, since they are based on sharia as it
is interpreted by their religious scholars. Iran shares some of these
characteristics, but also has a parliament that legislates in a manner
consistent with sharia.
9) Most foreign Muslims hate western civilization and culture.
The Islamist movement: Since the 1970s, the Islamist movements have
become prominent; their goals are the establishment of Islamic states
and sharia within their own borders, their means are political in
nature. The Islamist power base is the millions of poor, particularly
urban poor moving into the cities from the countryside. They are not
international in nature (one exception being the Muslim Brotherhood).
Their rhetoric opposes western culture and western power. Political
groups wishing to return to more traditional Islamic values are the
source of threat to Turkey's secular government. These movements can be
10) Foreign Muslims will never understand western civilization liberty.
In a religious context it means "voluntary submission to God".
Believers demonstrate submission to God by serving God and following
his commands, and rejecting polytheism.
11) Barack Obama is not a product of western civilization liberty.
Liberty is a contested moral and political principle that seeks to
identify the condition in which human beings are able to govern
12) Muslim values do not include Christian values of love and liberty.
For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that
whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life.
Now the Lord is the Spirit; and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. 2 Corinthians 3:17
13) Barack Obama is not truly a Christian.
“Nor is there salvation in any other, for there is no other name under
heaven given among men by which we must be saved.” Now when they saw
the boldness of Peter and John, and perceived that they were uneducated
and untrained men, they marveled. And they realized that they had been
with Jesus. Acts 4:12-13
14) Barack Obama is no student of history.
Western culture stems from two sources: the Classical Period of the Graeco-Roman era and the influence of Christianity.
15) Barack Obama is no student of history.
There is a consensus that the Renaissance began in Florence, Tuscany in
the 14th century. Various theories have been proposed to account for
its origins and characteristics, focusing on a variety of factors
including the social and civic peculiarities of Florence at the time;
its political structure; the patronage of its dominant family, the
Medici; and the migration of Greek scholars and texts to Italy
following the Fall of Constantinople at the hands of the Ottoman Turks.
16) Islam came long after the Greeks created geometric algebra.
By the time of Plato, Greek mathematics had undergone a drastic change.
The Greeks created a geometric algebra where terms were represented by
sides of geometric objects, usually lines, that had letters associated
17) Muslims did not invent the compass.
There is a debate over the diffusion of the compass after its first
appearance with the Chinese. At present, according to Kreutz, scholarly
consensus is that the Chinese invention predates the first European
mention by 150 years. However, there are questions over diffusion,
because of the apparent failure of the Arabs to function as possible
intermediaries between East and West because of the earlier recorded
appearance of the compass in Europe (1190) than in the Muslim world
(1232, 1242, and 1282).
18) Muslims did not invent pens or printing.
The history of printing started around 3000 BCE (before common era)
with the duplication of images. The use of round "cylinder seals" for
rolling an impress onto clay tablets goes back to early Mesopotamian
civilization before 3000 BC, where they are the most common works of
art to survive, and feature complex and beautiful images. In both China
and Egypt, the use of small stamps for seals preceded the use of larger
blocks. In Egypt, Europe and India, the printing of cloth certainly
preceded the printing of paper or papyrus; this was probably also the
case in China. The process is essentially the same - in Europe special
presentation impressions of prints were often printed on silk until at
least the seventeenth century.
19) Hippocrates was never a Muslim.
The Greek physician Hippocrates, the "father of medicine", laid the
foundation for a rational approach to medicine. Hippocrates introduced
the Hippocratic Oath for physicians, which is still relevant and in use
today, and was the first to categorize illnesses as acute, chronic,
endemic and epidemic, and use terms such as, "exacerbation, relapse,
resolution, crisis, paroxysm, peak, and convalescence".
20) Muslims could only copy western civilization arches.
The ancient Romans learned the arch from the Etruscans, refined it and
were the first builders to tap its full potential for above ground
buildings: The Romans were the first builders in Europe, perhaps the
first in the world, fully to appreciate the advantages of the arch, the
vault and the dome. Throughout the Roman empire, their engineers
erected arch structures such as bridges, aqueducts, and gates. They
also introduced the triumphal arch as a military monument. Vaults began
to be used for roofing large interior spaces such as halls and temples,
a function which was also assumed by domed structures from the 1st
century BC onwards.
21) Muslim poetry and music is neither cherished nor timeless.
Music and theatre scholars studying the history and anthropology of
Semitic and early Judeo-Christian culture have discovered common links
in theatrical and musical activity between the classical cultures of
the Hebrews and those of later Greeks and Romans. The common area of
performance is found in a "social phenomenon called litany," a form of
prayer consisting of a series of invocations or supplications. The
Journal of Religion and Theatre notes that among the earliest forms of
litany, "Hebrew litany was accompanied by a rich musical tradition."
Note: Cat Stevens ceased producing beautiful songs after his conversion to Islam.
22) Muslim calligraphy was adapted from Persia after violent conquest.
It is believed that ancient Persian script was invented by about
600-500 BC to provide monument inscriptions for the Achaemenid kings.
These scripts consisted of horizontal, vertical, and diagonal
nail-shape letters and that is the reason in Persian it is called
"Script of Nails/Cuneiform Script" (Khat-e-Mikhi). Centuries later,
other scripts such as "Pahlavi" and "Avestan" scripts were used in
ancient Persia. After the Arab conquest in the 7th century, Persians
adapted the Arabic alphabet to fit the Persian language and developed a
contemporary Persian alphabet. The Arabic alphabet has 28 characters to
which Iranians added another four letters for it to fit the sounds and
letters of the Persian language that do not exist in Arabic.
23) Muslim countries rarely practice religious tolerance.
In 2010, the U.S. State Department stated that in Saudi Arabia "freedom
of religion is neither recognized nor protected under the law and is
severely restricted in practice" and that "government policies
continued to place severe restrictions on religious freedom". No faith
other than Islam is permitted to be practised, although there are
nearly a million Christians - nearly all foreign workers - in Saudi
Arabia. There are no churches or other non-Muslim houses of worship
permitted in the country. Even private prayer services are forbidden in
practice and the Saudi religious police reportedly regularly search the
homes of Christians. Foreign workers have to observe Ramadan but are
not allowed to celebrate Christmas or Easter. Conversion by Muslims to
another religion (apostasy) carries the death penalty, although there
have been no confirmed reports of executions for apostasy in recent
years. Proselytizing by non-Muslims is illegal, and the last Christian
priest was expelled from Saudi Arabia in 1985. There are some Hindus in
Saudi Arabia. Compensation in court cases discriminates against
non-Muslims: once fault is determined, a Muslim receives all of the
amount of compensation determined, a Jew or Christian half, and all
others a sixteenth.
24) Arabs practice racism and slavery today.
The Arab slave trade originated before Islam and lasted more than a
millennium. It continues today in some places. Arab traders brought
Africans across the Indian Ocean from present-day Kenya, Mozambique,
Tanzania, South Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia and elsewhere in East Africa
to present-day Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Turkey and other parts of the Middle
East and South Asia (mainly Pakistan and India). Unlike the
trans-Atlantic slave trade to the New World, Arabs supplied African
slaves to the Muslim world, which at its peak stretched over three
continents from the Atlantic (Morocco, Spain) to India and eastern
25) The foundering fathers of the United States were Christians.
Lambert (2003) has examined the religious affiliations and beliefs of
the Founders. Of the 55 delegates to the 1787 Constitutional
Convention, 49 were Protestants, and three were Roman Catholics (C.
Carroll, D. Carroll, and Fitzsimons). Among the Protestant delegates to
the Constitutional Convention, 28 were Church of England (or
Episcopalian, after the American Revolutionary War was won), eight were
Presbyterians, seven were Congregationalists, two were Lutherans, two
were Dutch Reformed, and two were Methodists.
26) Muslim pirate states were bribed to sign the treaty.
However, before anyone in the United States saw the Treaty, its
required payments, in the form of goods and money, had been made in
part. As Barlow declared: "The present writing done by our hand and
delivered to the American Captain O’Brien makes known that he has
delivered to us forty thousand Spanish dollars,-thirteen watches of
gold, silver & pinsbach,-five rings, of which three of diamonds,
one of saphire and one with a watch in it, One hundred & forty
piques of cloth, and four caftans of brocade,-and these on account of
the peace concluded with the Americans." However, this was an
incomplete amount of goods stipulated under the treaty (according to
the Pasha of Tripoli) and an additional $18,000 dollars had to be paid
by the American Consul James Leander Cathcart at his arrival on April
10, 1799. It was not until these final goods were delivered that the
Pasha of Tripoli recognized the Treaty as official.
27) Muslims have never enriched the United States to any extent.
From the 1880s to 1914, several thousand Muslims immigrated to the
United States from the Ottoman Empire, and from parts of South Asia;
they did not form distinctive settlements, and probably mostly
assimilated into the wider society.
28) Islam is a violent religion and Barack Obama is against the truth.
Jihad means "to strive or struggle" (in the way of God) and is
considered the "Sixth Pillar of Islam" by a minority of Sunni Muslim
authorities. Jihad, in its broadest sense, is classically defined as
"exerting one's utmost power, efforts, endeavors, or ability in
contending with an object of disapprobation." Depending on the object
being a visible enemy, the devil, and aspects of one's own self (such
as sinful desires), different categories of jihad are defined. Jihad,
when used without any qualifier, is understood in its military aspect.
29) Unlike Muslim countries, the United States gives foreign aid.
Aid may be given by individuals, private organisations, or governments.
Standards delimiting exactly the kinds of transfers that count as aid
vary. For example, aid figures may or may not include transfers for
military use: to cite one instance, the United States included military
assistance in its aid figure until 1957 but no longer does.
30) The progress of the United States was based on western ideals.
Western culture stems from two sources: the Classical Period of the
Graeco-Roman era and the influence of Christianity. The artistic,
philosophic, literary, and legal themes and traditions; the heritages
of especially Latin, Celtic, Germanic, and Hellenic ethnic or
linguistic groups; as well as a tradition of rationalism in various
spheres of life, developed by Hellenistic philosophy, Scholasticism,
Humanisms, the Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment; and including,
in political thought, widespread rational arguments in favor of free
thought, human rights, equality and democracy.
Note: Barack Obama is trying to move the United States away from western ideals.
31) Barack Obama was abandoned by his Muslim father.
Obama's parents met in 1960 in a Russian class at the University of
Hawaiʻi at Mānoa, where his father was a foreign student on
scholarship. The couple married on February 2, 1961, separated when
Obama Sr. went to Harvard University on scholarship, and divorced in
1964. Obama Sr. remarried and returned to Kenya, visiting Barack in
Hawaii only once, in 1971.
32) Many American Muslims come from violent backgrounds.
In addition to immigration, the state, federal and local prisons of the
United States may be a contributor to the growth of Islam in the
country. J. Michael Waller claims that Muslim inmates comprise 17-20%
of the prison population, or roughly 350,000 inmates in 2003. He also
claims that 80% of the prisoners who "find faith" while in prison
convert to Islam. These converted inmates are mostly African American,
with a small but growing Hispanic minority.
33) Many Muslim women are subject to sanctioned domestic abuse.
Conservative interpretations of Surah, An-Nisa, 34 in the Qur'an
regarding marital relationships find that hitting a woman is allowed.
34) These ideals are only realized within Christianity.
Love suffers long and is kind; love does not envy; love does not parade
itself, is not puffed up; does not behave rudely, does not seek its
own, is not provoked, thinks no evil; does not rejoice in iniquity, but
rejoices in the truth; bears all things, believes all things, hopes all
things, endures all things. Love never fails. 1 Corinthians 13:4-8.
Note: There is no love in Islam.
35) The United States is acting boldly for positive change.
The Peace Corps is an American volunteer program run by the United
States Government, as well as a government agency of the same name. The
stated mission of the Peace Corps includes three goals: providing
technical assistance; helping people outside the United States to
understand US culture; and helping Americans to understand the cultures
of other countries. The work is generally related to social and
36) Islam forbids rewarding capital invested with interest.
Riba (Arabic: ربا, [rɪbæː]) means one of the senses of "usury". Riba is
forbidden in Islamic economic jurisprudence fiqh and considered as a
Note: Investment into Muslim societies will generally be lost or confiscated.
37) Muslim countries are the major problem in the world today.
A regional and middle power, Pakistan has the seventh largest standing
armed forces in the world and is a declared nuclear weapons state,
being the first and only nation to have that status in the Muslim
world, and the second in South Asia. Pakistan largely founded the
Afghan Taliban. The Pakistan army and its Inter-Services Intelligence
from 1994 to 2001 provided financial, logistical and military support
to the Taliban. Pakistan has been accused of continuing to support the
Afghan Taliban since 9/11, an allegation Pakistan denies.
38) Progress will be achieved only through immersion of western ideals.
Historical records of western culture in its European geographical
range begin with Ancient Greece, and then Ancient Rome,
Christianization during the European Middle Ages, and reform and
modernization starting by Renaissance, and globalized by successive
European empires that spread the European ways of life and education
between the sixteenth and twentieth centuries. European Culture
developed with a complex range of philosophy, medieval scholasticism
and mysticism, Christian and secular humanism.
Note: Societies should remain “trapped” in western ideals for continued progress and advancement.
39) Islam is based on 6th century Arabian view of life.
Islamic law covers all aspects of life, from matters of state, like
governance and foreign relations, to issues of daily living. The Qur'an
defines hudud as the punishments for five specific crimes: unlawful
intercourse, false accusation of unlawful intercourse, consumption of
alcohol, theft, and highway robbery. Though not in the Qur'an, there
are also laws against apostasy (although Muslims disagree over
punishment). The Qur'an and Sunnah also contain laws of inheritance,
marriage, and restitution for injuries and murder, as well as rules for
fasting, charity, and prayer.
40) Islam must be confronted with military force and contained.
Within Islamic jurisprudence, jihad is usually taken to mean military
exertion against non-Muslim combatants in the defense or expansion of
41) Privately, many Muslims favored the World Trade Center attacks.
While the government of Saudi Arabia officially condemned the attacks, privately many Saudis favored bin Laden's cause.
42) Muslim countries will always have hate-filled extremists.
According to Abdulaziz Sachedina, offensive jihad raises questions
about whether jihad is justifiable on moral grounds. He states that the
Qur'an requires Muslims to establish just public order, increasing the
influence of Islam, allowing public Islamic worship, through offensive
measures. To this end, the Qur'anic verses revealed require Muslims to
wage jihad against unbelievers.
43) Islam is the problem since it is intolerant of other religions.
Do not wait until you find them. Rather, seek and besiege them in their
areas and forts, gather intelligence about them in the various roads
and fairways so that what is made wide looks ever smaller to them. This
way, they will have no choice, but to die or embrace Islam. Qur’an 9:5
44) Typical Muslim schools offer nothing outside of Islam.
A typical Islamic school usually offers two courses of study: a ḥifẓ
course teaching memorization of the Qur'an (the person who commits the
entire Qur'an to memory is called a ḥāfiẓ); and an ʿālim course leading
the candidate to become an accepted scholar in the community. A regular
curriculum includes courses in Arabic, tafsir (Qur'anic
interpretation), šarīʿah (Islamic law), hadiths (recorded sayings and
deeds of Prophet Muhammad), mantiq (logic), and Muslim history.
45) Years of diplomacy achieved nothing with Iraq.
While Iraq had agreed to UNSCR 687, the Iraqi government sometimes
worked with inspectors, but ultimately were judged to have failed to
comply with disarmament terms. As a result, economic sanctions against
Iraq continued. After the war, Iraq was accused of breaking its
obligations throughout the 1990s, including the discovery in 1993 of a
plan to assassinate former President George H. W. Bush, and the
withdrawal of Richard Butler's UNSCOM weapon inspectors in 1998 after
the Iraqi government claimed some inspectors were spies for the U.S.
Central Intelligence Agency. On multiple occasions throughout the
disarmament crisis, the UN passed further resolutions (see United
Nations Resolutions concerning Iraq) compelling Iraq to comply with the
terms of the ceasefire resolutions.
46) Expect Iraq to become a backward Islamic Republic.
Many people in Islamic countries also see Islam manifested politically
as Islamism. Political Islam is powerful in all Muslim-majority
countries. Islamic parties in Turkey, Pakistan and Algeria have taken
power at the provincial level. Many in these movements call themselves
Islamists, which also sometimes describes more militant Islamic groups.
The relationships between these groups (in democratic countries there
is usually at least one Islamic party) and their views of democracy are
47) Since religious Muslims are violent Guantanamo Bay is still open.
The Guantanamo Bay Naval Base surrounds the southern portion of the
bay. Since 2002, the base has included the detainment camp for captured
alleged al-Qaeda personnel who have been, or may someday be, charged
with terrorism, as well as those still deemed to be a risk to US
national security. In 2009, U.S. President Barack Obama gave orders for
the detention camp to be closed by 22 January 2010. As of present day,
the detention camp remains open.
48) Extremists are generally welcomed by Muslim communities.
The Society of the Muslim Brothers (Arabic: الإخوان المسلمون
al-ʾiḫwān/ikhwan/el-ekhwan al-muslimūn, often simply "The Brotherhood"
or "MB") is the world's oldest and one of the largest Islamist
movements, and is the largest political opposition organization in many
Arab states.[which?] Founded in 1928 in Egypt as a fascist political
party by the Islamic scholar and schoolteacher Hassan al-Banna, by the
end of World War II the MB had an estimated two million members. Its
ideas had gained it supporters throughout the Arab world and influenced
other Islamist groups with its "model of political activism combined
with Islamic charity work". Its most famous slogan, used worldwide, is
"Islam is the solution." Following the 2011 Egyptian revolution and
fall of Hosni Mubarak, the group was legalized.
49) Mo-ham-mad disliked Jews and Christians.
The Way of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace , not (the way)
of those who earned Your Anger (such as the Jews), nor of those who
went astray (such as the Christians). Qur’an 1:7
50) Muslims have traditionally disliked Jews and Christians.
Sahih Bukhari Chapter No: 40, Hadith no: 536
Narrated: Ibn Umar
Umar expelled the Jews and the Christians from Hijaz. When Allah's
Apostle had conquered Khaibar, he wanted to expel the Jews from it as
its land became the property of Allah, His Apostle, and the Muslims.
Allah's Apostle intended to expel the Jews but they requested him to
let them stay there on the condition that they would do the labour and
get half of the fruits. Allah's Apostle told them, "We will let you
stay on thus condition, as long as we wish." So, they (i.e. Jews) kept
on living there until Umar forced them to go towards Taima and Ariha.
51) Palestine Mandate included areas west and east of the Jordan River.
The British Mandate for Palestine, also known as the Palestine Mandate
and the Mandate for Palestine, was a geopolitic polity under British
administration, carved out of Ottoman Syria after World War I. British
civil administration in Palestine operated from 1920 until 1948. This
administration was formalized with the League of Nations' consent in
1923 under the British Mandate for Palestine (legal instrument) which
covered two administrative areas. The land west of the Jordan River,
known as Palestine, was under direct British rule until 1948, while the
land east of the Jordan was a semi-autonomous region known as
Transjordan, under the rule of the Hashemite family from the Hijaz, and
gained independence in 1946.
Note: The Jordan River should be the dividing line between Jews and Muslims.
52) Palestinian Muslims have always been violent and troublesome.
In May 1967, Jordan signed a military pact with Egypt. In June 1967, it
joined Egypt, Syria and Iraq in the Six Day War against Israel, which
ended in an Israeli victory and the capture of the West Bank and East
Jerusalem. The period following the war saw an upsurge in the activity
and numbers of Arab Palestinian paramilitary elements (fedayeen) within
the state of Jordan. These distinct, armed militias were becoming a
"state within a state", threatening Jordan's rule of law. King
Hussein's armed forces targeted the fedayeen, and open fighting erupted
in June 1970. The battle in which Palestinian fighters from various
Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) groups were expelled from
Jordan is commonly known as Black September.
53) Palestinian Muslims have always been violent and troublesome.
The heaviest fighting occurred in northern Jordan and Amman. In the
ensuing heavy fighting, a Syrian tank force invaded northern Jordan to
back the fedayeen fighters, but subsequently retreated. King Hussein
urgently asked the United States and Great Britain to intervene against
Syria. Consequently, Israel performed mock air strikes on the Syrian
column at the Americans' request. Soon after, Syrian President Nureddin
al-Atassi, ordered a hasty retreat from Jordanian soil. By September
22, Arab foreign ministers meeting in Cairo arranged a cease-fire
beginning the following day. However, sporadic violence continued until
Jordanian forces, led by Habis Al-Majali, with the help of Iraqi
forces, won a decisive victory over the fedayeen on July 1971,
expelling them, and ultimately the PLO's Yasser Arafat, from Jordan.
54) Palestinian Muslims have always been violent and troublesome.
Initially, as an armed guerrilla organization, the PLO was responsible
for terrorist activities performed against Israel in the 1970s and
early 1980s. In 1988, however, the PLO officially endorsed a two-state
solution, contingent on terms such as making East Jerusalem capital of
the Palestinian state and giving Palestinians the right of return to
land occupied by Palestinians prior to 1948, as well as the right to
continue armed struggle until the end of "The Zionist Entity."
55) Palestinian Muslims have always been violent and troublesome.
Based on the principles of Islamic fundamentalism gaining momentum
throughout the Arab world in the 1980s, Hamas was founded in 1987
(during the First Intifada) as an offshoot of the Egyptian Muslim
Brotherhood. Co-founder Sheik Ahmed Yassin stated in 1987 and the Hamas
Charter affirmed in 1988 that Hamas was founded to liberate Palestine
from Israeli occupation and to establish an Islamic state in the area
that is now Israel, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip.
56) Israeli settlements on empty desert lands were improvements.
As of December 2010, 327,750 Israelis live in the 121
officially-recognized settlements in the West Bank, 192,000 Israelis
live in settlements in East Jerusalem and over 20,000 live in
settlements in the Golan Heights. Settlements range in character from
farming communities and frontier villages to urban suburbs and
neighborhoods. The three largest settlements, Modi'in Illit, Maale
Adumim and Betar Illit, have achieved city status, with over 30,000
57) Palestinian Muslims believe violence will lead to improvements.
In January 2007, fighting erupted between Hamas and Fatah. The
deadliest clashes occurred in the northern Gaza Strip, where General
Muhammed Gharib, a senior commander of the Fatah-dominated Preventative
Security Force, died when a rocket hit his home. Gharib's two daughters
and two bodyguards were also killed in the attack, which was carried
out by Hamas gunmen. At the end of January 2007, a truce was negotiated
between Fatah and Hamas. However, after a few days, new fighting broke
out. Fatah fighters stormed a Hamas-affiliated university in the Gaza
Strip. Officers from Abbas' presidential guard battled Hamas gunmen
guarding the Hamas-led Interior Ministry. In May 2007, new fighting
broke out between the factions. Interior Minister Hani Qawasmi, who had
been considered a moderate civil servant acceptable to both factions,
resigned due to what he termed harmful behavior by both sides. Fighting
spread in the Gaza Strip with both factions attacking vehicles and
facilities of the other side. In response to constant attacks by rocket
fire from the Gaza Strip, Israel launched an air strike which destroyed
a building used by Hamas.
58) Palestinian Muslims believe violence will lead to improvements.
Following the victory of Hamas in the 2006 Palestinian legislative
election, Hamas and Fatah formed a Palestinan authority national unity
government headed by Ismail Haniya. Shortly after, Hamas took control
of the Gaza Strip in the course of the Battle of Gaza, seizing
government institutions and replacing Fatah and other government
officials with its own. By 14 June, Hamas fully controlled the Gaza
Strip. Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas responded by declaring a
state of emergency, dissolving the unity government and forming a new
government without Hamas participation. PNA security forces in the West
Bank arrested a number of Hamas members. Abbas's government received
widespread international support. In late June 2008 Egypt, Jordan, and
Saudi Arabia said that the West Bank-based Cabinet formed by Abbas was
the sole legitimate Palestinian government, and Egypt moved its embassy
from Gaza to the West Bank. The Hamas government in the Gaza Strip
faces international, diplomatic, and economic isolation.
59) Palestinian Muslims believe violence will lead to improvements.
Violence against Christians has been recorded. The owner of a Christian
bookshop was abducted and murdered, and on 15 February 2008, the
Christian Youth Organization's library in Gaza City was bombed. Hamas
and other militant groups continued to fire Qassam rockets across the
border into Israel. According to Israel, between the Hamas takeover and
the end of January 2008, 697 rockets and 822 mortar bombs were fired at
60) There will never be peace between Islam and other religions.
Sahih Muslim Chapter No: 1, Faith (Kitab Al Iman)
Narrated: Abu Huraira
that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be
upon him) observed: By Him in Whose hand is the life of Muhammad, he
who amongst the community of Jews or Christians hears about me, but
does not affirm his belief in that with which I have been sent and dies
in this state (of disbelief), he shall be but one of the denizens of
61) Iran became an Islamic Republic through violence.
In December 1979, the country approved a theocratic constitution,
whereby Khomeini became Supreme Leader of the country. The speed and
success of the revolution surprised many throughout the world, as it
had not been precipitated by a military defeat, a financial crisis, or
a peasant rebellion. Although both nationalists and Marxists joined
with Islamic traditionalists to overthrow the Shah, tens of thousands
were killed and executed by the Islamic regime afterward, and the
revolution ultimately resulted in an Islamic Republic under Ayatollah
62) Iran wants to destroy Israel and the United States.
Iran's foreign relations are based on two strategic principles:
eliminating outside influences in the region and pursuing extensive
diplomatic contacts with developing and non-aligned countries. Iran
maintains diplomatic relations with almost every member of the United
Nations, except for Israel, which Iran does not recognize, and the
United States since the Iranian Revolution. Since 2005, Iran's nuclear
program has become the subject of contention with the Western world due
to suspicions that Iran could divert the civilian nuclear technology to
a weapons program. This has led the UN Security Council to impose
sanctions against Iran on select companies linked to this program, thus
furthering its economic isolation on the international scene. The US
Director of National Intelligence said in February 2009 that Iran would
not realistically be able to a get a nuclear weapon until 2013, if it
chose to develop one.
63) Iran wants to destroy Israel and the United States.
Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad on December 1, 2009 brushed aside
the threat of UN sanctions over his country's failure to accept a
UN-proposed deal on its nuclear program, stating that such a move by
western nations would not hinder Iran's nuclear program. Ahmadinejad
told state television that he believed further negotiations with world
powers over his country's nuclear program were not needed, describing
warnings by Western powers that Iran would be isolated if it fails to
accept the UN-proposed deal as “ridiculous.”
64) Democracy and Islam are incompatible.
Others maintain that not only is the Islamic Republic of Iran
undemocratic (see Politics of Iran) but that Khomeini himself opposed
the principle of democracy in his book Hokumat-e Islami: Wilayat
al-Faqih, where he denied the need for any legislative body saying, "no
one has the right to legislate ... except ... the Divine Legislator",
and during the Islamic Revolution, when he told Iranians, "Do not use
this term, 'democratic.' That is the Western style."
65) Muslims favor Islamic rule by Sharia law that results in violence.
The reintroduction of sharia is a longstanding goal for Islamist
movements in Muslim countries. Some Muslim minorities in Asia (e.g., in
India) have maintained institutional recognition of sharia to
adjudicate their personal and community affairs. In western countries,
where Muslim immigration is more recent, Muslim minorities have
introduced sharia family law, for use in their own disputes, with
varying degrees of success e.g., Britain's Muslim Arbitration Tribunal.
Attempts to impose sharia have been accompanied by controversy,
violence, and even warfare (cf. Second Sudanese Civil War).
66) Muslim countries rarely experience peace.
The Arab Spring (Arabic: الثورات العربية al-Thûrât al-ʻArabiyy;
literally the Arabic Rebellions or the Arab Revolutions) is a
revolutionary wave of demonstrations and protests occurring in the Arab
world that began on Saturday, 18 December 2010. To date, rulers have
been forced from power in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, and Yemen; civil
uprisings have erupted in Bahrain and Syria; major protests have broken
out in Algeria, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, and Oman; and minor
protests have occurred in Lebanon, Mauritania, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, and
Western Sahara. Clashes at the borders of Israel in May 2011, as well
as protests by Arab minority in Iranian Khuzestan, have also been
inspired by the regional Arab Spring.
67) Democracy and Islam are incompatible.
Orientalist scholars offer another viewpoint on the relationship
between Islam and democratisation in the Middle East. They argue that
the compatibility is simply not there between secular democracy and
Arab-Islamic culture in the Middle East which has a strong history of
undemocratic beliefs and authoritarian power structures. Kedourie, a
well known Orientalist scholar, said for example: "to hold
simultaneously ideas which are not easily reconcilable argues, then, a
deep confusion in the Arab public mind, at least about the meaning of
democracy. The confusion is, however, understandable since the idea of
democracy is quite alien to the mind-set of Islam." A view similar to
this that understands Islam and democracy to be incompatible because of
seemingly irreconcilable differences between Sharia and democratic
ideals is also held by some Islamists.
68) Islam does not have a history of religious freedom or equality.
Following a period of fighting lasting around a hundred years before
620 AD which mainly involved Arab and Jewish inhabitants of Medina
(then known as Yathrib), religious freedom for Muslims, Jews and pagans
was declared by Muhammad in the Constitution of Medina. The Islamic
Caliphate later guaranteed religious freedom under the conditions that
non-Muslim communities accept dhimmi (second class) status and their
adult males pay the jizya tax as a substitute for the zakat paid by
Muslim citizens. Jews and Christians were alternately tolerated and
persecuted, the most notable examples of the latter being the conquest
of Islamic Spain by fundamentalist groups from north Africa (the
Almoravids, followed by the Almohads from the mid-12th century).
Persecution of non-Muslims caused the emigration of many Jews (and
Christians) into the northern, Christian states.
69) Islam does not have a history of religious freedom or equality.
Conversion to Islam is simple (cf. shahada), but Muslims are forbidden
to convert from Islam to another religion (cf. Apostasy in Islam).
Certain Muslim-majority countries are known for their restrictions on
religious freedom, highly favoring Muslim citizens over non-Muslim
citizens. Other countries, having the same restrictive laws, tend to be
more liberal when imposing them.
70) Islam does not have a history of religious freedom or equality.
In Islamic law (Sharia), the consensus view is that a male apostate
must be put to death unless he suffers from a mental disorder or
converted under duress, for example, due to an imminent danger of being
killed. A female apostate must be either executed, according to
Shafi'i, Maliki, and Hanbali schools of Sunni Islamic jurisprudence
(fiqh), or imprisoned until she reverts to Islam as advocated by the
Sunni Hanafi school and by Shi'a scholars. Ideally, the one performing
the execution of an apostate must be an imam. At the same time, all
schools of Islamic jurisprudence agree that any Muslim can kill an
apostate without punishment.
71) Islam is a threat to religious freedom and western ideals.
Indian preacher Zakir Naik stated that if a former Muslim speaks
against Islam then that is considered as treason and punishable by
death in a country ruled by Islamic law. He also stated that he does
not know of any country which is ruled by 100% Islamic law. However, in
a 2011 address to the Oxford Union he stated that death is not the
"standard punishment" for apostasy. The former view is held by other
contemporary Islamic scholars such as Bilal Philips, and Yusuf
al-Qaradawi, the latter reduces the punishment to imprisonment till
repentance in the case of an apostate who did not proclaim apostasy,
whereas the judgement which is still widely adopted advocates death for
every ex-Muslim, for instance, Muhammad Al-Munajid the owner, writer
and administrator for the popular islam-qa.com site advocates that
judgement stating that leaving them alive "may encourage others to
forsake the truth".
72) Saudi Arabian King Abdullah's interfaith dialogue is a sham.
In 2010, the U.S. State Department stated that in Saudi Arabia "freedom
of religion is neither recognized nor protected under the law and is
severely restricted in practice" and that "government policies
continued to place severe restrictions on religious freedom". No faith
other than Islam is permitted to be practised, although there are
nearly a million Christians - nearly all foreign workers - in Saudi
Arabia. There are no churches or other non-Muslim houses of worship
permitted in the country. Even private prayer services are forbidden in
practice and the Saudi religious police reportedly regularly search the
homes of Christians.
73) Muslim countries are gender biased against women.
Most Muslim countries have signed the Universal Declaration of Human
Rights and other human rights agreements. In 1948, Saudi Arabia didn't
sign the declaration, arguing it violated Islamic law. However,
Pakistan (which had signed the declaration) criticized the Saudi
position. In 1982, the Iranian representative to the United Nations,
Said Rajaie-Khorassani, said that the UDHR was "a secular understanding
of the Judeo-Christian tradition", which could not be implemented by
Muslims without trespassing the Islamic law. On 30 June 2000, Muslim
nations that are members of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference
(now the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation) officially resolved to
support the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam, an alternative
document that says people have "freedom and right to a dignified life
in accordance with the Islamic Shari’ah", without any discrimination on
grounds of "race, color, language, sex, religious belief, political
affiliation, social status or other considerations." As a secular
state, Turkey has signed the declaration of Human Rights in 1948 and
other European Human Rights agreements.
74) Pakistan’s only women leader was exiled and then murdered.
After nine years of self-exile, she returned to Pakistan on 18 October
2007, after having reached an understanding with Military President
General Pervez Musharraf, by which she was granted amnesty and all
corruption charges were withdrawn. Benazir Bhutto was assassinated in a
bombing on 27 December 2007, after leaving PPP's last rally in the city
of Rawalpindi, two weeks before the scheduled Pakistani general
election of 2008 in which she was a leading opposition candidate.
75) Muslim countries will be gendered biased against women.
The U.S. State department considers that “discrimination against women
is a significant problem” in Saudi Arabia and that women have few
political or social rights. After her 2008 visit, the UN special
reporter on violence against women noted the lack of women's autonomy
and the absence of a law criminalizing violence against women. The
World Economic Forum 2010 Global Gender Gap Report ranked Saudi Arabia
129th out of 134 countries for gender parity.
76) Muslim countries will be poor due to lack of reward for capital use.
Islamic economics refers to the body of Islamic studies literature that
"identifies and promotes an economic order that conforms to Islamic
scripture and traditions," and in the economic world an interest-free
Islamic banking system, grounded in Sharia's condemnation of interest
(riba). The literature has been developed "since the late 1940s, and
especially since the mid-1960s." The banking system developed during
the 1970s. The central features of Islamic economic literature have
been summarized as the following: "behavioral norms" derived from the
Quran and Sunna, zakat tax as the basis of Islamic fiscal policy, and
prohibition of interest.
77) The success of Dubai is based on turning away from Muslim values.
Today, Dubai City has emerged as a global city and a business hub.
Although Dubai's economy was built on the oil industry, the emirate's
model of business drives its economy, with the effect that its main
revenues are now from tourism, real estate, and financial services,
similar to that of Western countries. Dubai has recently attracted
world attention through many innovative large construction projects and
78) Economic success begins with the reward of capital for loan risk.
In the Renaissance era, greater mobility of people facilitated an
increase in commerce and the appearance of appropriate conditions for
entrepreneurs to start new, lucrative businesses. Given that borrowed
money was no longer strictly for consumption but for production as
well, interest was no longer viewed in the same manner. The School of
Salamanca elaborated on various reasons that justified the charging of
interest: the person who received a loan benefited, and one could
consider interest as a premium paid for the risk taken by the loaning
79) U.S. student visas to foreign Muslims should be discouraged.
Bin Laden provided leadership and financial support for the plot, and
was involved in selecting participants. Bin Laden initially selected
Nawaf al-Hazmi and Khalid al-Mihdhar, both experienced jihadists who
had fought in Bosnia. Hazmi and Mihdhar arrived in the United States in
mid-January 2000. In spring 2000, Hazmi and Mihdhar took flying lessons
in San Diego, California, but both spoke little English, did poorly
with flying lessons, and eventually served as secondary – or "muscle" –
hijackers. In late 1999, a group of men from Hamburg, Germany arrived
in Afghanistan, including Mohamed Atta, Marwan al-Shehhi, Ziad Jarrah,
and Ramzi bin al-Shibh. Bin Laden selected these men because they were
educated, could speak English, and had experience living in the
west. New recruits were routinely screened for special skills and
al-Qaeda leaders consequently discovered that Hani Hanjour already had
a commercial pilot's license. Hanjour arrived in San Diego on December
8, 2000, joining Hazmi. They soon left for Arizona, where Hanjour took
refresher training. Marwan al-Shehhi arrived at the end of May 2000,
while Atta arrived on June 3, 2000, and Jarrah arrived on June 27,
2000. Bin al-Shibh applied several times for a visa to the United
States, but as a Yemeni, he was rejected out of concerns he would
overstay his visa and remain as an illegal immigrant. Bin al-Shibh
stayed in Hamburg, providing coordination between Atta and Mohammed.
The three Hamburg cell members all took pilot training in South Florida.
80) Islamic values must be down-graded for economic success to occur.
There was also the question of opportunity cost, in that the loaning
party lost other possibilities of using the loaned money. Finally and
perhaps most originally was the consideration of money itself as
merchandise, and the use of one's money as something for which one
should receive a benefit in the form of interest. Martín de Azpilcueta
also considered the effect of time. Other things being equal, one would
prefer to receive a given good now rather than in the future. This
preference indicates greater value. Interest, under this theory, is the
payment for the time the loaning individual is deprived of the money.
81) Islamic values must be down-graded for advancement to occur.
Islamic economics has been attacked for its alleged "incoherence,
incompleteness, impracticality, and irrelevance;" driven by "cultural
identity" rather than problem solving. Others have dismissed it as "a
hodgepodge of populist and socialist ideas," in theory and "nothing
more than inefficient state control of the economy and some almost
equally ineffective redistribution policies," in practice.
82) Only Socialists are stupid enough to embrace Islamic change.
According to a 2009 U.S. State Department communication by Hillary
Clinton, United States Secretary of State, (disclosed as part of the
Wikileaks U.S. 'cables leaks' controversy in 2010) "donors in Saudi
Arabia constitute the most significant source of funding to Sunni
terrorist groups worldwide". Part of this funding arises through the
zakat (An act of charity dictated by Islam) paid by all Saudis to
charities, and amounting to at least 2.5 percent of their income.
Although many charities are genuine, others, it is alleged, serve as
fronts for money laundering and terrorist financing operations. While
many Saudis contribute to those charities in good faith believing their
money goes toward good causes, it has been alleged that others know
full well the terrorist purposes to which their money will be applied.
83) Only Socialists are stupid enough to embrace Islamic change.
Men can marry girls as young as ten in Saudi Arabia Child marriage is
believed to hinder the cause of women's education. The drop-out rate of
girls increases around puberty, as they exchange education for
marriage. Roughly 25% of college-aged young women do not attend
college, and in 2005–2006, women had a 60% dropout rate. Female
literacy is estimated to be around 70% compared to male literacy of
84) The clash of western civilization with Islam will continue.
Saudi Arabia has centuries-old attitudes and traditions, often derived
from Arab tribal civilization. This culture has been bolstered by the
austerely puritanical Wahhabi form of Islam, which arose in the
eighteenth century and now predominates in the country. The many
limitations on behaviour and dress are strictly enforced both legally
and socially. Alcoholic beverages are prohibited, for example, and
there is no theatre or public exhibition of films. Public expression of
opinion about domestic political or social matters is discouraged.
There are no organizations such as political parties or labour unions
to provide public forums.
85) The clash of western civilization with Islam will continue.
Daily life is dominated by Islamic observance. Five times each day,
Muslims are called to prayer from the minarets of mosques scattered
throughout the country. Because Friday is the holiest day for Muslims,
the weekend begins on Thursday. In accordance with Wahhabi doctrine,
only two religious holidays are publicly recognized, ʿĪd al-Fiṭr and
ʿĪd al-Aḍḥā. Celebration of other Islamic holidays, such as the
Prophet’s birthday and ʿĀshūrāʾ (an important holiday for Shīʿites),
are tolerated only when celebrated locally and on a small scale.
86) The clash of western civilization with Islam will continue.
In Of the Standard of Taste, an essay by David Hume, the Quran is
described as an "absurd performance" of a "pretended prophet" who
lacked "a just sentiment of morals." Attending to the narration, Hume
says, "we shall soon find, that [Muhammad] bestows praise on such
instances of treachery, inhumanity, cruelty, revenge, bigotry, as are
utterly incompatible with civilized society. No steady rule of right
seems there to be attended to; and every action is blamed or praised,
so far as it is beneficial or hurtful to the true believers."
87) The Qur’an commands Muslims not to have non-Muslim friends.
Let not the believers take disbelievers for friends in preference to
believers — and whoever does that has no connection with Allah — except
that you cautiously guard against them. And Allah cautions you against
His punishment; and to Allah is the returning. Qur’an 3:29
88) Obama is no son of God since he is not suffering for Jesus Christ.
“Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God.
Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness’ sake, for
theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are you when they revile and
persecute you, and say all kinds of evil against you falsely for My
sake.” Matthew 5:9-11.
89) Peace will never be found among Muslims.
Grace to you and peace from God the Father and our Lord Jesus Christ,
who gave Himself for our sins, that He might deliver us from this
present evil age, according to the will of our God and Father, to whom
be glory forever and ever. Amen. Galatians 1:3-5.
90) Peace will never be found among Muslims.
Be anxious for nothing, but in everything by prayer and supplication,
with thanksgiving, let your requests be made known to God; and the
peace of God, which surpasses all understanding, will guard your hearts
and minds through Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6-7.
WORD FAITH INDEX
CATHOLIC CHURCH INDEX